Forest Gardening in Response to Population Growth
We humans are currently experiencing exponential population growth, land degeneration, and also food shortages around the earth. Every one of these issues can be addressed by including food-bearing and non food-bearing forest trees right into your garden culture. Forest yards will allow you to expand all your very own food, save money, gain food independence, enhance the land, and feed the world.
What is A Forest Garden, Anyhow?
Forest gardening is a low-maintenance lasting plant-based food production as well as agroforestry system based on timberland communities, integrating fruit and nut trees, shrubs, herbs, vines and seasonal veggies which have yields immensely beneficial and useful to humans. Using companion planting, trees and shrubs can be intermixed to grow in a succession of layers, to construct a woodland environment.
Forest gardening is a primitive technique of securing food in tropical locations in Asia, Africa and Latin America.. In the 1980s, Robert Hart created the term “forest gardening” after adjusting the principles and also applying them to temperate environments.
Robert Hart used companion growing and intercropping to develop a 7 layer system to make the most of the advantages of the plants and also reduce help the treatment taker. The 7 layers function with each other to produce a closed-loop environment that deals with itself, without demand for weeding, fertilizing or tilling the land.
Forest Gardening Layers
The original 7 layers of the forest yard were:
‘ Canopy layer’ consisting of the original mature fruit trees.
‘ Low-tree layer’ of smaller sized nut and also fruit trees on towering over origin stocks.
‘ Shrub layer’ of fruit shrubs such as currants and also berries.
‘ Floral layer’ of perennial veggies and natural herbs.
‘ Ground cover layer’ of edible plants that spread horizontally.
‘ Rhizosphere’ or ‘underground’ measurement of plants expanded for their roots and tubers.
‘ Vertical layer’ of vines as well as mountain climbers.
The two new layers which can be included to a forest gardening system (from Temperate Environment Permaculture) are
‘ Marine marsh layer’
‘ Mycelial fungal layer’
Here’s a video from The Permaculture Research Institute of Australia explaining more:
Forest gardening is a concept that needs to be implemented now. We could consciously apply the principles of ecology to the style of domestic scale yards that simulate woodland environments as well as expand supply of food, fuel, fiber, fodder, fertilizer, medicinal plants and herbs, as well as having a creative and pleasurable environment to thrive in. Abundance really is possible.
We think so anyway. If you are interested in getting involved in creating a local community forest garden, contact us at the Save the Earth Cooperative about becoming a member and getting a project off the ground!